The Journalism in China

Like all journalism around the world, Chinese journalism education started with just print media but now that the times have changed, this also includes the internet and social media. Journalism in China also includes advertising, broadcasting, and mass communication as well as public relations. In general, journalism and mass communication have merged in Chinese education.

BeijingThe 1920s started the roots for today’s modern journalism education in cities like Shanghai and Beijing. The western journalism practices may have influenced journalism education in China because newspapers that circulated in China were largely of colonial powers.

The five stages of the history of China’s modern journalism education are:

  • The 1920s – 1940s (1st stage)
  • The 1950s (2nd stage)
  • The early 1960s (3rd stage)
  • Cultural Revolution during 1966 to 1977 (4th stage)
  • 1978 – 2000 (5th stage)

When China’s economy got thoroughly developed on a macro level, along came improvements for journalism programs in schools and the industry, merging them into “journalism and communication” as ordered by state leaders. Back then, “journalism” was only listed under the “literature” during 1949, but that all changed in 1998 when the two topics have merged and finally recognized as a systemized form of journalism education.

Challenges of Journalism and Communication Education in China

There are a couple of difficulties that journalism and communication education in China currently faces, especially in the dawn of the new era and technology. These usually come in the form of environmental changes and technological advancements as well as the administration.

A Chinese Model

Despite the journalism and communication education norms and ideas stemming from colonial influences, the Chinese people are still at the improvement stage in shaping up their Chinese model for journalism and communication.

Experts and educators in the field of journalism in China are constantly doing their social and historical research on what needs to be improved, to benefit the nation as a whole and provide global competence. These improvements are still ongoing so we can expect more to come in the few years to come when it comes to journalism and communication education in China.

Some of these improvements include seeking help from journalists from foreign countries to help them notice the dos and don’ts of the current educational standards and system of Chinese journalism and mass communication. These foreign experts also lend a hand to the Chinese educators while keeping mind their cultural differences and only focusing on the subject matter – to improve China’s communication and journalism approach as a whole.

Despite the fact that they are getting help from other countries in the field of journalism and communication being okay, the Chinese people still strive to do their research. They are systemizing their model for communication and journalism education that they can call their own – with a touch of their flavor, vibrant culture, rich history and other things that make it truly Chinese in quality.

Rather it should be a Chinese model that can fit into the Chinese social and media environments, which may lead to the creation of different teaching and research traditions for journalism and communication education, unique but appropriate to China.

A Chinese journalism model should be devised, conceptualized, realized and finally implemented so that it will adhere to the cultures, norms, traditions and social needs of the locals – to have a journalism model that they can call their own.

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Education in China

Education in China is a big deal. On June 2015, having about 9.24 million students who took the Gao Kao (National Higher Education Entrance Exam proves that China is a powerhouse and the largest when it comes to global education systems, making up 4% of the country’s GDP. Mandatory education got first implemented in the year 1986 and still continues today. According to the Ministry of Education, 99.7 % of the total population has undergone a universal basic education program of 9 years.

Over 775 Chinese higher education institutions have international students and each year, the number of such students is increasing. In fact, China is rich with the history of international students coming here to study.

In 1978, China’s college population was initially 1.4%, and it increased a whopping 20% today. The reason for this is because Chinese educational curriculum is always constantly being improved to provide a world-class education.

chinese educationBeing a teacher in China means you should earn great respect as it is a well-reputed job in the country. Student teachers don’t just learn from the classroom – they also observe those who are already in the industry and working steadily, so they can learn pointers from them.

Also, even if they graduate and end up becoming professional teachers, there is still constant coordination with these teacher groups to improve their lesson plans and other teaching strategies.

History of Education in China

China’s rich history in the field of education dates back to the Xia Dynasty, around 1523 to 1027 B.C. (16th century), according to some scholars. Back then, only those from the higher class are privileged to have a proper education.

Traditional Chinese Medicine

We all know how strong Traditional Chinese Medicine is throughout the world. In fact, their current curriculum is always constantly being improved from secondary to postgraduate education to the workforce. The TCM norms are also being regulated depending on scientific discoveries, cultural and traditional practices and other factors.

International Communication

In 1978, a reform initiative took place in China in which the education sector received a significant improvement, leading to the country finally accepting an international student so to study in their schools, known as abroad studying.

Education Law of the People’s Republic of China

The education law in China became active on 10/1/1995; this got adopted by the 8th National People’s Congress’ session. On 03/18/1995, it was promulgated by the President of People’s Republic of China (Order No. 45).

Pre-school Education in China

When it comes to preschool in urban areas, the total years spent is three years plus two additional part-time or full-time schooling. China considers pre-school education as a crucial stepping stone to success.

Primary and Secondary Education in China

A nine-year compulsory education got implemented in China since 1986 under the Compulsory Education Law of the People’s Republic of China. The curriculum has also undergone many improvements since it got first visualized.

Higher Education in China

The goal of higher education in China is to level up professionalism and knowledge on various subjects and to enhance the talents of students in their different careers, especially in the field of science and technology. The curriculum is also up to date with the times so those who want to take up higher education will only get the best in global standards and competency.

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Traditional Chinese Culture

Known to many nations due to its strength, stability and great culture, China is one of the oldest empires that ever existed throughout the history of the world. It was even dubbed the “Celestial Empire” because of its so-called divine intervention that helped its kingdom to prosper for many years and centuries and also helped the Chinese people grow as a unique and organized nation.

chinese cultureAt a span of 5,000 years, China has been rich with history, both in written and oral form. The country has been greatly renowned for being “one with the gods”, leaving behind a trail of classic literature, treasures and relics and important documents that bear significance not only to China itself but humanity as well.

Chinese scholar Liang Qichao has credited China as being one of the great Four Ancient Civilizations, standing alongside Egypt, India and Babylon. The diversity and uniqueness of the Chinese culture that has expanded more than 3,600 years in history have greatly influenced various cultures and nations of the world through their ideas, concepts and inventions.

The Yellow Emperor began China’s rich culture about 5,000 years ago, and this emperor, who is a cultivator of the Tao (the Way), was a kind and just ruler who not only possessed wisdom and power but also kind to his subjects and lived in good faith. Different Chinese legends have contributed to the Chinese belief on how their culture got formed. For instance, there are a few deities who have said to created significant aspects of their nation: Suiren – fire, Shennong – agriculture and Cangjie – Chinese characters (hence the later Japanese counterpart “kanji”).

The major religions of China were Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism and they have all shaped the Chinese culture, in the long run, even until today. Lao Zi was the man behind the Taoist ideology and got founded 2,500 years ago. His book, Dao De Jing or Tao Te Ching, described the concepts of the Tao or the Way of the universe.

Confucius, who lived from 551 to 479 BCE, was the one who guided China to its trademark religious thought called Confucianism, which focuses on moral codes that govern every Chinese in their everyday life through words of wisdom. The Han Dynasty, which went from 206 BCE to 220 CE, was the golden era of Confucianism, in which the moral teachings of Confucius got incorporated into the civil society of the Chinese people.

India brought about Buddhism to China in 67 CE and also had an impact on the Chinese culture. Buddhism focused more on meditation and the well-being of the self. These three religions became the pillars that guided and shaped the Chinese people, having reached their real golden age during the Tang Dynasty, which ran from 618 CE to 907 CE.

The five basic values got formed as a result of these three religions that influenced the Chinese people. These values are benevolence (ren), righteousness (Yi), propriety (li), wisdom (chi) and faithfulness (xin). These came along with the values of being one with nature and allowing divine intervention to see a clearer path to your destiny and were essential in the 5,000-year history of the Chinese people.

Even today, these concepts are being used by China and its inhabitants in the modern era – look how successful they regard business and trade today.

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China-The Cradle of Civilization

China gets known as a country with a vast and diverse geography. A country with a written history is stretching 3,600 years into the past, and a distinctive yet varied and open culture marked by richness and depth.

Let’s learn more about it…

  • Learning Chinese

Consider language first. Chinese, with its thousand of written characters—the only descriptive language in the world that is actually in common use, is believed to be one of the most interesting languages to study. It gets reckoned as the most difficult language to learn; apart from the profusion of written characters, there are five speaking tones, each distinctively linked to a written character’s one-syllable pronunciation. Apart from being a challenging and interesting language, Chinese is also a rewarding language to learn; it is the repository of a literary heritage that includes poems and pithy sayings.

  • China’s Festivals

Then there are the festivals. Under the category of ‘country-wide traditional festivals’, Chinese New Year and the celebrations of Mid-Autumn occurring later in the year are the most important. There are many ethnic festivals too—not surprisingly, considering the 55 ethnic minorities that China is home to. The various tribes celebrate New Year, Harvest and other occasions in different ways.

  • Eating and Drinking in China

chinaThe cuisine is yet another cultural enjoyment that this country offers. Since the Chinese believe in “waste not, want not”, an astonishing range of animals and plants get eaten, with nothing wasted—every part gets consumed. This has given rise to a cuisine that overwhelms the westerner not just with exquisite taste, but also, with astonishment, horror, and even disgust.  Therefore, dear traveler, be warned; eating and drinking in China is different from what it is in the west. If you don’t eat Chinese and patronize the largest restaurants, you may circumvent the “surprises”.

At the same time, a good deal of Western food is available in China, much of it is of inferior quality; therefore keep a look out for international brands. Beware especially of chocolate, bread and milk, in addition to the more expensive products. Do not have high expectations; you will be disappointed if you do. Never forget that portions served in Chinese restaurants are much smaller, and sometimes almost half of those served in America.

  • China’s Regional Cuisines

The traditional Chinese cuisine is distinctive also regarding its regional diversity, with each of the country’s many geographical regions using the resources that are unique to their locale.  In Northern China, wheat is a staple food more than rice. Noodles and Dumpling, which get made from wheat, are typical of the north.

In the south, by contrast, rice is used far more, giving rise to foods like rice noodles and sticky rice wrapped in leaves, known as zongzi. Southern cuisine differs from the Northern as the food of the south is spicier, with chillies an item of daily consumption among the minorities there.

  • China’s Heritage

China’s legacy to the world is both tangible as well as intangible. In the former category are the 48 sites in China that have found a place on UNESCO’s World Heritage List, which include 37, 8 and 3 that fall under the categories “Cultural Heritage”, “Natural Heritage” and “Cultural and Natural Heritage” respectively.

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When Mainland Chinese land in Singapore, they first need to learn English

The government of Singapore recognizes four official languages: English, Chinese, Tamil and Malay. Many Singaporeans are bi-lingual because while schools use English as medium of instruction, the child is also encouraged to learn a second language. The second language is the child’s link to its ethnic origin and culture. English is more predominantly spoken in Singapore because of the influx of English-speaking travelers and tourists. This is one of the reasons why the Chinese from Mainland China make the effort to take an English course in Singapore.


The benefits of an English course in Singapore

Since the medium of instruction in most Singaporean schools is English, it would be quite challenging for a Chinese-speaking student to cope up with the learning system. The option for families coming from Mainland China is to find a language learning school that offers English course Singapore. Many parents elect to send their children to English-medium schools with the hope that someday their children will be able to pursue higher education in the United States. Chinese students want to be proficient in English because it is required in middle and high school standardized tests. University students must pass the College English Test (CET) to be able to study abroad. Chinese students make the effort to learn English not only to pass the tests but to improve their opportunities in the global employment field. Knowledge of English determines who passes the test, who gets into the right schools and who gets the best jobs.

English is a dominant language used all over the world. Being able to speak and read English allows an individual to enjoy all forms of entertainment from social media to top grossing English films without the sub-titles. English is not just a language; it has become a practical skill that many seek to acquire knowing its importance in daily life.

English courses in Singapore

If you are planning to take English course Singapore, you have many options because there are literally hundreds of language learning schools in the city. Courses for children as well as adults are being offered in these schools for reasonable prices. The courses are tailored to ensure that the student will learn the most useful skills immediately. English courses are categorized as: beginner, intermediate and advanced.

Beginner English course Singapore is designed to give students the confidence to pursue the challenge of learning a second language. The interactive teaching method makes learning English a lot more interesting and exciting for students particularly since they get to learn a lot of common English words and phrases used in everyday life.

The Intermediate English course is ideal for those with basic knowledge of English and requires further improvement. Advanced English courses are more specialized and introduces the student to other skills aside from conversation. A student can learn how to compose business emails or how to prepare business contracts in English. Advanced English courses can be provided through private lessons for corporate executives and businessmen who have cannot spare the time to attend a classroom English course.

To get more information about English Course in Singapore, you can visit Yago’s Eventnook page

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